Lighting is one of the most critical aspects of your interior, since it can completely change the look of a room for better or for worse, as well as illuminating a room. On the one side, with the simple flip of a switch, it can turn a drab room into a glossy-magazine-worthy space or, on the other, it can under- or over-illuminate, resulting in headaches, tired eyes, and lighting exhaustion.

Design is characterized by light and shadow, and adequate lighting is tremendously necessary, "as the late renowned American interior designer Albert Hadley once intimated. “This luxury lighting guide will take you through a range of different styles of lighting and include expert suggestions about how the lighting in your home interior should be styled.

General/ Ambient, Task and Accent are the 3 primary forms of interior lighting.

Some lights can fit into a few categories (depending on their placement, brightness and use), but it can be very useful to have a general understanding of each particular type of lighting can be a very helpfu1 in planning an effective scheme.

 

1. GENERAL LIGHTING / AMBIENT LIGHTING

General lighting is the fundamental basis of a lighting system, supplying a uniform glow over an entire room and functionally illuminating a space rather than for aesthetic purposes.

The distinguishing aspect of general lighting is that it is typically direct and can be controlled to account for changes in daylight by a dimmer switch.

Probably the most widely used source of general lighting is a central pendant light and can be an integral part of the room's design. In a room, a luxury chandelier or an artistic installation both make excellent visual statements and guide the eye.

Having said that, as a central light source on its own casts unflattering shadows (especially for people) and gives no real life to a room, these must be accompanied by other lighting layers.

In general, a lighting scheme that is simple is considered to be greatly insufficient to build a welcoming environment.

Ambient Lighting

Ambient lighting, which is a fantastic partner in general lighting, is the next layer of lighting. Both types share significant features, which are primarily functional and used to illuminate a complete field. The primary difference in the direction of their light is between the two. "The distinction is clarified by interior designer April Russell by saying," General lighting is just that: realistic light for every day and night use. Ambience lighting would be connected to a dimming device multiple times out of none to monitor the levels of light depending on the occasion. Ambience lighting, which induces drama, is commonly used for entertainment.

Ambient lighting, since it typically does not use downlighting, does not produce unflattering shadows is indirect and thus softer than general lighting. Think of eyeball spotlights or wall sconces washing a wall with light, Perspex backlit panelling or secret coffer lighting that throws light on a ceiling like Fianchetti’s cinema room.

 

2. TASK LIGHTING

As the name suggests, task lighting is any light source used for a specific task, such as reading or cooking etc.. These lights, by default, ought to have a higher wattage than most other lights. However, always blend with ample ambient light to prevent eye strain caused by the strong contrast between light and dark areas.

Some of the most visible areas in need of job lighting are reading and working areas. Balanced arm lamps make excellent desk designs, while adjustable reading lights are great for reading at bedtime, fixed near a headboard. In personal grooming areas and toilets, mirror lighting works well. In order to make food preparation simpler and safer, the kitchen is another environment into which task lighting must be integrated. Just a few of the choices for kitchen job illumination are under-cabinet spotlights, recessed downlights over worktops or long and low pendant light over a preparation island. To build foot traffic, task lighting can also be used

3. ACCENT LIGHTING

Accent lighting has a specific purpose, similar to task lighting, and is any lighting that has been explicitly included to emphasize a specific feature in a space.

Examples of accent lighting that highlights the pieces and prevents them from being lost in an under-illuminated room are spotlights highlighting artwork, sculptures and artefacts in cabinets or on pedestals.

Similar to task lighting, accent lighting needs more lumens (light output) because of its design, at least three times as much, and hence requires a higher wattage.

As well as ambient lighting, architectural lighting may also be used in accent lighting. Accent architectural lighting appears to be a little more subtle, but instead of a single object, stressing textures and identifying perimeters.

 

                                                                  LIGHTING EFFECTS


1-DOWNLIGHTING

Downlighting is a very useful and most common method of interior lighting. Downlights would be most central light sources or spotlights. It casts unflattering shadows  (especially for people), so adequate ambient lighting needs to be counterbalanced.

2-UPLIGHTING

Uplighting is a much softer alternative to downlighting since it brings light into a room indirectly by bouncing off the ceiling and reflecting back into the room.

3-WALL WASHING

Wall washing uniformly illuminates in a soft way a vertical surface. Place the light so that the beam hits the whole surface at an appropriate distance.

4-  GRAZING

The Wall Wall grazing purposely places a light near to the surface to be illuminated, essentially highlighting its texture.

5- PERIMETER LIGHTING

Perimeter lighting accentuates a room's dimensions and increases its obvious footprint. Coving or cornice lighting is an efficient way to do this and interior designers and architects also use it.

6- SPOTLIGHTING

In task and accent lighting, spotlighting is used a great deal to highlight a specific characteristic of a room


                                                                      DO’S OF LIGHTING

•           DO Think about what your room will be used for and what furniture will be included in it. Special lighting will be needed for some items.

•           In your lighting design, DO integrates a dimmer system that enables your lighting to be sensitive.

•           When planning a lighting system, remember the relationship between rooms sharp  shifts from bright to dark can cause disorientation and eye fatigue.

•           DO Put wall lights on shorter walls, which will balance your space and take care of long walls.

•           DO Pay attention to a shade's lining the lining s thickness and colour can influence the light emitted.

•           DO Think carefully about wattage; for mood lighting, 60- or 75-watt bulbs are too bright.

•           Far more welcoming is a 40-watt bulb.

•           DO Often hide a diffuser with a bare light bulb

                                                                     DON'TS OF LIGHTING

•           DON'T stick to one central light source because unflattering shadows are created by it. A layered system is important.

•           There's nothing worse than having to use an unsightly extension cable. DON'T Scrimp on outlets

•           DON'T leave wires on view, resulting in an untidy look that spoils your interior's overall aesthetic.